Foot orthotics are therapeutic devices that patients wear in their own shoes. Usually, a podiatrist will prescribe foot orthotics to patients who suffer from a variety of problems caused by various conditions like bursitis, arthritis, Achilles tendinitis and corns and calluses. Orthotics Adelaide prescribes people with flat feet, especially if the foot pain is caused by flat feet.
Foot orthotics can be a general-purpose, designed for specific foot problems or specifically designed to correct deformities of the foot. They are usually made of hard plastic and are used on the outside of the shoes, for instance on the edge of the ball of the foot or over the end of the big toes.
Custom-made foot orthotics. Most orthotics Adelaide prescriptions are for custom-made orthotics. These are usually designed and specially manufactured for the particular needs of the patient. This means that the prescription is customized by taking into consideration the shape and size of the patient’s feet and the location of foot injuries and pain.
Over-the-counter orthotics. Some of the over-the-counter orthotics treatments are designed for special purposes. These may be specifically for arthritic conditions, or they may work better for diabetic patients. Some podiatrists and foot orthotics specialists sell ready-made versions of the medical devices they use in their practice.
Customized cushioning. Most people who get custom-made cushioned insoles and foot cushions have experienced first hand the negative effects of regular cushions and orthotic insoles. As many as ninety per cent of patients report that the traditional cushioning does not provide enough cushioning to relieve most pressure points on their feet. Podiatrists recommend using a cushioning system that provides adequate cushioning to each major joint, as well as pressure relief to smaller joints.
Custom orthotics such as arch supports and heel pads, as well as custom cushioned insoles, are commonly used in conjunction with an overall physical therapy program involving stretching exercises, deep tissue massage, and foot movement techniques. A complete program that includes a comprehensive assessment of all of a patient’s musculoskeletal system, joint function, posture, and medical history will allow the podiatric physician to determine the best orthotic for each patient.
A qualified podiatric doctor should always order a complete medical history, take the patients medical history personally, and refer their patients to a pediatric specialist for further evaluation and treatment.